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Buying a house is a huge and a once in a lifetime decision, which makes it important for you to select the right home loan which will suit your needs. Opting for a home loan is easier said than done. Though it may seem all banks are eager to help you out, getting a loan can be a hectic process. Also, like any other financial product, it is important to know how home loans work to avoid any surprises later.

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Here are some important aspects you should consider before taking a loan:

1.Credit Score

Credit score is one of the most important and paramount factors which a banks considers before providing any loan to its customers. Any individual who desires to avail a home loan should have maintained a good credit score. It is pretty important to have a CIBIL score which is higher than 750 in order to avail a home loan and in turn earn better interest rates. Maintaining a good credit score is not tough and can be done by making timely payments for your credit cards and paying off any existing loans.

2.Interest rate

Every person should compare home loan interest rates of several banks and financial institutions before making a decision. It is important to be aware of the different types of interest rates available. There are essentially two types of interest rates, which are floating and fixed. Under fixed home loan interest rate, the EMIs do not change over the span of the home loan tenure. But, under the floating rate, the interest rate is calculated based on the MCLR and changes over time. It is better to go for the floating rate of interest over fixed interest rate as your monthly EMIs would be higher if you choose to go for fixed interest rates. Fixed rate of interest always come with a fixed liability and also a pre described foreclosure penalty. The floating rate of interest changes over time and can help you save money on your interest.

3.Home Loan Tenure

Every person who desires to avail a home loan should decide home loan tenure as your home loan EMIs directly depend on your home loan tenure. Banks always show interest to lean toward home loan applicants with shorter repayment period and a short repayment period is also beneficial for you as it decreases the home loan interest burden on your EMIs. With shorter tenure your monthly instalments will increase but eventually it will help you in decreasing your home loan cost.

4.Processing Fees

Processing fees is the charge that any home loaner needs to pay to the lender once the home loan application is accepted. Usually, different banks or financial institutions charge loan processing fee up to 1% of the home loan that they hand out. Searching for the right bank that charges low processing fee or charge negligible processing fees ins important.

5.Equated Monthly Instalments

Equated Monthly Instalments (EMI) is the payment that the home loaner needs to make every month towards repayment of the home loan. The EMI amount depends on you and also depends on the down payment you make at the time of buying the house. More the down payment you make it would entail to lesser stress of outstanding amount which will convert into EMIs. It is always good to ensure that your EMI amount does not cross 45% of your total income. You can Calculate EMI through any online Home Loan EMI Calculator.

6.Home Loan Documents

Before availing a home loan, you should always read the terms and conditions (T&C) of your bank carefully before signing the documents. Being aware of the different charges, fees and penalties mentioned in your home loan is pretty important so you won’t be surprised later.

7.Payment

When you avail any home loan, you are required to pay about 10% to 15% of the total home loan amount as down payment. The rest of the amount is converted as your home loan EMI, which you will be required to pay on a monthly basis. If you have extra money available, you can increase the down payment as it would help you to save on the interest to be paid in due time. 

8.Additional Charges

Apart from your home loan EMI’s, banks may charge any additional fees at the time of application. Make sure that you discuss these charges with your bank or agent present at the bank before hand itself.

9.Pre-payment penalty

According to the recent RBI guidelines, banks not supposed to charge a prepayment penalty. With no penalty on prepayment, you can freely make any partial payment whenever you have an extra amount of cash available after availing your home loan.

10.Foreclosure Norms

Foreclosure of your home loan implies to make the repayment of the outstanding amount before your home loan tenure ends. The quicker you repay your home loan, the lesser interest you pay. Banks usually charge a predefined foreclosure penalty for repaying home loan before the tenure ends. So be sure to read the T&C. With floating home loan interest rate, your bank or won’t be charging you any foreclosure penalty.

Keeping the above-mentioned points in mind before availing a home loan is essential to avail the right kind of home loan product for your needs.

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